In this reference work, historians and history lovers can find up-to-date and essential information on the archaeological sites which, according to the editors, are the most significant of our prehistoric times.

This work on Prehistoric times presents the main archaeo-paleontological groups of the Iberian Peninsula, reflected in eight geologic and physiographic regions, in addition to two thematic chapters on the regions with cave painting recordings:
Cantabria and Levante. The book highlights the major lines of research that are being carried out in this field, which contains the most ancient and significant record of the European continent which is essential to knowledge about human evolution in western Europe.

This book provides an update on the knowledge of societies with predation economies who settled in Iberia. The record of this region is essential to the reconstruction of the evolution of human behavioural biology and culture in Europe since it contains the most primitive and significant records of humanisation in the continent, and because the principle explanatory lines of the process can be traced in it. This is due to the great wealth of the broad and complete record, which covers all the development stages and all the adaptive and cultural forms, which were discovered in the discipline’s early stages in the 19th century.

This volume is intended to be a systematic presentation of the empirical data obtained by teams of researchers who analyse this record year after year. It has included the data of the main archaeo-paleontological sites and contains the most significant data organised into eight major physiographic and geological regions which seek to demonstrate human adaptation to similar environments. In addition to these eight regions, it was also decided to present two thematic chapters devoted to the regions with the most extensive symbolic cave behaviour record: Cantabria and Levante. The cave records outside these two regions will addressed within the corresponding regions.

Finally, it may be worth noting that in addition to the empirical data, we wanted to highlight the important lines of research that are being carried out by modern Spanish archaeology in this field.


This work has had the participation of 367 authors


• Robert Sala Ramos

Professor at the Rovira i Virgili University of Tarragona. Coordinator of Graduate Studies at the Institute for Human Paleoecology and Human Social Evolution (IPHES). Director of excavations at the Orce sites in Granada. Specialist in human evolution, prehistoric technology, and prehistoric times in the Maghreb.


• Eudald Carbonell Roura

Professor of Prehistory at the Rovira i Virgili University of Tarragona, main investigator in the Human Autoecology Group at the University’s Quaternary, and the Director of the Catalan Institute for Human Paleoecology and Social Evolution (IPHES). Co-director of excavations and research at the Sierra de Atapuerca sites, vice-president and general director of the Atapuerca Foundation.

• José María Bermúdez de Castro

Research Professor of the Higher Council of Scientific Research (CSIC), former tenured lecture at the Complutense University of Madrid. Co-director of excavations and research at the Sierra de Atapuerca sites, and vicepresident of the Atapuerca Foundation. Specialist in human evolution and prehistoric times. In 2003, he contributed to the creation and operation of the National Centre for Human Evolution Research, based in Burgos. He was its first director until 2012, and is now Coordinator of the Centre’s Hominid Paleobiology Program.

• Juan Luis Arsuaga

Professor of Paleontology at the Complutense University of Madrid. Director of the Complutense University de Madrid Carlos III Health Institute Joint Centre for Research into Human Evolution and Behaviour. Scientific Director of the Museum of Human Evolution in Burgos. Co-director of excavations and research at the Sierra de Atapuerca sites, and vice-president of the Atapuerca Foundation.

Editor: Robert Sala Ramos

Eudald Carbonell
José María Bermúdez de Castro
Juan Luis Arsuaga

ISBN Print: 978-84-92681-85-3

ISBN E-book: 978-84-92681-86-0

Pages: 786

Format: 216×280 mm

Binding: Paperback

Price: 50€

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